MUSLIM VILLAGES IN DOBRUJA, ROMANIA: KANLI«UKUR (GRĂNICERU) AND DOKUZ SOFU (GRĂDINA)

 
Autor (i): Nilghiun, Ismail
 
JEL: A12
 
Cuvinte cheie: Muslim villages, Muslim population, territorial organization, depopulated villages, Crimean Tatars of Dobruja
 
Abstract:
The 19th-century Ottoman-Russian wars had many consequences for the territories administered by the Ottoman state in the Balkans. At the end of the Ottoman-Russian War of 1877-1878, a new state was created, Romania, to which was annexed Dobruja, a region between the Danube and the Black Sea and so Dobruja’s land entered the borders of the Romanian state. The area of Dobruja played an important role in the administrative-territorial organization of the Ottoman state. This study aims to provide a short presentation on Muslim population and villages’ situation, in Dobruja, Romania with a special emphasis on villages situated in Constanța county. The study argues that in time many Muslim villages, under the effect of changes in political environment, education and day-to-day life were depopulated, and in time, some of them were totally destroyed. Also, the study discusses the influence of political and social changes during communist regime on the ethnic minority of Crimean Tatars of Dobruja, Romania. This study is based on documentation acquired on individual activity and unpublished documents. Some documents are part of the heritage of the Direcția Județeană Constanța a Arhivelor Naționale (National Archives County Departments of Constanta), newspapers of time owned by Constanța County Library „Ioan Roman” and today’s newspapers by online sources.
 
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